Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is the process of supplementing lost hormones in women during menopause. It consists of estrogen and progesterone, which mimic hormones produced by the human ovary. These hormones are administered orally or transdermally, with each method carrying its own benefits and risks. The benefits and risks of each method are discussed below. To learn more, read our article on the pros and cons of each form of HRT. Get the facts about Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy see this.
HRT is commonly taken in tablets. Combined HRT is also available as a skin patch. However, tablets are more likely to cause blood clots than skin patches. Women can experience bloating, breast fullness, and breast tenderness while taking HRT, but the symptoms will disappear once the doses are changed. Contraception is not necessary with HRT, as the combined form of hormones is not enough to suppress ovulation. Therefore, pregnancy can occur even during perimenopause.
If you’re under 40, you may need to take a low dose of hormones. However, if you’ve had a hysterectomy, you may take oestrogen only. The low dose of hormones that work for you may be enough. For women aged 45 and older, you might want to consult a healthcare provider for a different form of HRT. If your doctor doesn’t recommend a particular type, you’ll want to choose one based on your symptoms.
If you’ve decided that hormone replacement therapy is not right for you, your doctor will prescribe the proper amount of medicine. The doses of hormones that you receive depend on your age and your risk of cardiovascular disease. However, it is essential that you discuss any risks with your doctor before choosing the right one. There are risks associated with HRT, but the benefits far outweigh the risks. For most women, the risks are minimal and well worth the benefits.
A study by the WHI published statistically significant increases in breast cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke, and pulmonary emboli. However, the study concluded that oestrogen and progestin together increased risk of dementia. Fortunately, these risks were small when compared to those associated with randomized clinical trials. This study was conducted with the aid of a proprietary combination of CEEs. Observational studies are less expensive than randomized trials. In addition, they enroll a larger number of women.
Aside from treating symptoms related to menopause, MHT may also protect women against osteoporosis. It is important to note that this form of treatment has side effects that require medical attention. Always seek medical advice before starting a treatment plan. Your doctor may recommend other treatments if the results are not satisfactory. When MHT is done properly, it may prevent osteoporosis, heart disease, and other serious health risks.
While many forms of HRT have no risks, there is some concern that it may increase breast cancer risk. Combined HRT pills containing both estrogen and progestogen may increase risk of endometrial cancer. Also, estrogen without progestin increases the risk of uterine cancer. For these reasons, HRT may be unsafe for women who have no menopause symptoms. A woman may benefit from estrogen alone or use it in combination with progestin.